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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, typically referred to as PCOS, is a condition in which numerous small cysts grow on a woman’s ovaries and lead to significant hormone imbalance and related problems. For example, the condition can make it hard to get pregnant and has been linked to increased incidence of heart disease and diabetes. The cysts themselves are not cancerous or harmful, but for unknown reasons cause all sorts of chemical imbalances in the body and trigger other medical conditions.

The highly skilled team at Diabetes & Endocrine Specialists can provide quality treatment for all diseases that affect the endocrine system, including PCOS.

Researchers think PCOS may be genetically transmitted. In fact, it is more common in women whose mothers had irregular periods or diabetes. Onset begins slowly with mild symptoms, then gradually progresses to more dangerous levels. Because the malady tends to trigger an overproduction of male hormones in women, early signs include acne, excess body hair and ovulation stoppage. PCOS can also cause insulin resistance, a common precursor to diabetes.

How is PCOS treated?

If you think you have PCOS, or develop some of its common symptoms like acne, weight gain, depression, irregular periods or unwanted body hair, ask your doctor about getting tested. Early diagnosis is essential with PCOS, so don’t put off treatment if you have symptoms.

Doctors will usually take your medical history and perform a physical exam to test for PCOS, and then follow up with a pelvic ultrasound and several lab tests if necessary. Technically, there is no cure for the disease, but lifestyle changes and hormone therapy are the most common tools that doctors use to minimize negative symptoms.

Dr. Eiriny Eskander can diagnose and treat PCOS and other diseases of the endocrine system. She is experienced in the management of such conditions and works with her patients to find the best possible treatment plans.

Weight loss, regular exercise, a balanced diet and quitting smoking are the initial steps in fighting PCOS. Even in cases where hormone treatment is indicated, those who have PCOS should adhere to a regular exercise regimen and maintain a healthy diet.


The only real prevention method for PCOS is early detection and treatment. As with many other medical conditions, the sooner you get help, the better.

Treatment of PCOS demands professional care and monitoring from a doctor who has experience with the disease. If you are concerned that you might have PCOS, schedule an appointment with Dr. Eskander. She will determine whether you have it, and will help develop a treatment plan if you do.